Chess is a sports game recognized in 100 states. In 1999, the IOC recognized them as a sporting event, and in 2018 they made their debut at the Winter Olympics. Chess is peculiar not only excitement, but also a powerful physical training and remarkable intellect of rivals.
Independent study of chess from scratch
To learn how to play on your own at home, it's a good idea to break the rules into parts for a start. When studying moves, it is easier to use only one piece on the board.
The best way to learn the game is to play. Defeats are invaluable lessons and experiences. You will soon learn that each figure has a certain value.
From the personal experience of many players, chess can be easily explored in online applications. Also, there are a number of online learning resources. It all depends on what method is preferable: to learn "on the go" or start from scratch.
Now consider the options for online learning:
- Chess-online (Chess.com). The best free chess application for all types of devices and a website to start learning chess, play online with opponents of your level. Perfectly analyzes your games using the machine analysis function. This resource provides absolutely everything, from learning from scratch and daily training for masters. Their video lessons on the theory of discovery, middle game tactics, strategy of the shah and the mat, pawn structures, offensive initiatives, etc. Give an idea of how to maximize your game. The site will help anyone who is trying to learn the basics, and also wants to improve their abilities.
- Youtube channels. It is enough to type the necessary request for learning from scratch in Youtube search, as the system will offer a huge variety of channels and video clips. Choose the most interesting material and look with pleasure.
- Special literature. Buy a book that presents the rules and basic principles of chess. I will not recommend any, as there are so many of them, and most of them are wonderful. Look for one with a lot of pictures and little text. Most of the educational books "for children", work for adults.
Description of the figures as they go
- King - the most important of all the figures is that with a crown and a cross.
- Have the queen there is also a crown - this is the second tall figure.
- Elephant - a figure with a pointed hat.
- Rook also easy to remember, it looks like a castle tower.
- Horse very easy to remember.
- Pawns - they will not be difficult to remember, they are the “smallest” and numerous.
Here are a few rules that are useful to learn from the very beginning:
- The king must always be protected, he moves one square to either side.
- A queen is the most "universal soldier" who moves along the board in all directions.
- Elephants have a large range of motion, but only in a straight line, in perpendicular directions.
- The rook is often underestimated by newbies. She moves "crosswise" on the board - diagonally, like a "lady" in checkers.
- The horse is good for thoughtful, unexpected attacks, its movement is well known to everyone - the Russian letter "G" in all directions.
- Pawns are good at capturing enemy pieces. They are limited in movement - only one cell forward.
Various game techniques
The main technique of the game:
- You choose the color of the pieces (white or black, or other contrasting colors), the opponent takes the opposite color.
- You take turns making turns. White pieces go first.
- Goal: The first player to capture the opponent's king wins the game.
Set the board correctly. The game is held on a chessboard consisting of 64 squares - eight lines and eight columns.
The strategy for a novice is to capture as many important opponent pieces as possible so that it is easier to get to the king. This is done by moving the pieces in squares, where half of the enemy is located. Capturing the figure is made by removing it from the field.
You probably heard the word "Shah" right? This means that you (or your opponent) put your king (or your opponent) in a position in which he cannot move anywhere without being captured.
Now let's talk about pawns. There are some exceptions to the rule of one step: if a pawn has never moved before, it can move two cells on the first move. In addition, the pawn cannot capture the opponent that is in front of it. But if in front of her there is a figure of the enemy diagonally, she can go there to capture it. Another advantage of a pawn: if it reaches the other side of the board, where it cannot move forward, it can be exchanged for any other piece (except the king).
There is another special movement called "castling". It concerns the position of the king and the rook. This may not be clear to a beginner at first, so you can learn it later when you master the basic rules.
Now use your pieces! In particular, do not let horses and elephants linger on their positions, as they are useful at the beginning of the game.
Bring your king to a safe area. The king in the center of the board is a vulnerable king.
Manage the center! - This is an important concept for new ones. 4 central squares are important for control.
Keep in mind that only a horse can jump over cages. Remember that all pieces can move back, except for pawns.
The whole strategy of the game is to make the opponent's king trapped. It doesn't matter how you do it - you just need to do it once to win!
You cannot focus all attention on the attack, otherwise you can get a false sense of security and leave the opportunity for your opponent to use it. There are many ways to strengthen the defense - place your pieces in active positions (especially good elephants and rooks). Protect your half carefully and, above all, keep the pieces coordinated. The last thing you need is to lose the queen, because you could not defend him or played hastily.
A bad opening of the party usually leads to negative results. Work on moving your center to make way for the elephants and use the horses. Worry about the queen and the rooks later. There is not a single universal first move, although some of them deserve attention in comparison with others. There are players who prefer defensive, passive positions, or aggressive, dynamic strategies. At the first stages, focus on the defensive, passive game.
Analyze positions for tactics. Grandmasters usually benefit from tactics. Your goal is to outwit the enemy and find ways to maximize your pieces. Learn the basics of forks, pins, skewers and other tactical concepts. The function of a tactical trainer on Chess.com is invaluable. Chess to a greater degree rely on the search for identical models in different positions. Using these ideas will greatly increase your power.
How long will it take to study
To speed up learning, try the following:
- Play chess at least 1 hour daily.
- When you gain more experience, connect tactical puzzles for 30 minutes and 30 minutes of live chess per day.
The study itself will take about 1 month, if you pay attention to 30-60 minutes of the game daily. Further progress will not keep you waiting, as the game will completely conquer you!
How to teach a child to play chess
In many ways, teaching children is a simpler task than adults. In the age of affordable Internet, children can easily learn how to play chess on their own. The tactics given above are designed for players of all ages.
Training in sections
In various circles and sections they learn to play chess "officially", that is, with an explanation of all chess terms and names of strategies. Provide and show all possible tricks and moves. Self-taught, as a rule, play intuitively, building their own logical chains. They are not strong in terms, but they play at a very high level.
Famous chess players of the world and Russia
- The sisters Polgar, Judit and Susan are Hungarian masters. The youngest of the sisters, Judith (41), is currently the strongest chess player on the planet. Its advantage is that it participates and wins only in the men's championships. Judith received the title of male grandmaster at the age of 15, surpassing the achievements of many venerable champions. Her older sister Susan is currently developing chess in the United States, and she is also a master of international class.
- Antoaneta Stefanova - Bulgarian world and European champion in chess and rapid chess is 38 years old. In 2002 she became an international grandmaster.
- Xie Jun - Chinese chess player, honored coach and world champion (47 years old). She became a champion at 10, started playing with 6.
- Alexandra Kosteniuk - champion of Europe and Russia. Her motto: "Chess is great" and "Beauty and mind are inseparable." Guided by it, she promotes chess, being a model and "ambassador of chess", trying to spark interest in this game all over the world.
- Anatoly Karpov (66 years old) and Garry Kasparov (54 years old) are the most famous grandmasters of Russia. At this time, actively engaged in political activities. In the past - multiple world champions, Europe and Russia.
- Khalifman Alexander (52 years old) is a three-time winner of the World Chess Olympiad. Now he trains the younger generation, is the author of books on chess strategy.
- Magnus Carlsen (27 years old) is the current undisputed world champion from Norway, one of the youngest grandmasters of the planet.
- Anand Viswanathan (47 years old) is the current Indian strongest fast chess world champion. Anand plays very fast, spends minimal time on thinking about moves, even competing with the strongest chess players in the world.
How to become a professional in chess
Have you already learned all the rules of chess and are on your way to perfection? Here's what to do next:
- Learn algebraic notation. This system is used by chess players to record games or the position of pieces on the board in order to read and recreate any game in the future.
- Learn the value of shapes. Not all chess pieces are equally strong in the game. Learn to determine their value and significance in a particular party, then you will understand whether to donate it.
- See and analyze grandmasters games, past and present. Watch the professional game between the masters.
- Start by learning about the games of antiquity from the 1600s to the early 1900s, they are easier to understand. Some examples of the masters of that era: Adolf Andersen, Paul Morphy, Wilhelm Steinitz, Johannes Zukerert, Emanuel Lasker, José Raul Capablanca, Alexander Alekhin.
- Solve puzzles that will help you recognize and identify tactical abilities and your weaknesses.
- Learn to use the chess engine and artificial intelligence for analysis. Today, computers are the most useful tool for players. For Windows and Linux, Arena is a popular graphical user interface. With it, you can watch games in PGN format, which can be downloaded from different sites. Record your games for later analysis. Do the same, watching the live game, think about the positions yourself.
- Follow the professional chess world. Know the current champions and world champions, venerable and young players. Follow the world tournaments.
Useful tips and interesting information
Join the local chess club. Playing face-to-face with a rival and being part of the chess community is a way to become a professional. Fight opponents of your level and those who are stronger. Analyze each game, memorize key moves in winning and losing games.
And a few more tips:
- Solve more chess puzzles.
- Use horses effectively and frequently.
- Read books on chess, biographies of famous masters.
- Learn from the losses.
- Analyze the moves.
- Reflect on the game of the enemy.
From this point on, start playing: play and repeat and repeat again. Always challenge yourself. Training may take a couple of years, but the satisfaction you get will be worth the effort.
Never lose hope and don't give up if you lose! Defeat is a stepping stone to success!