Who can be a judge and what is needed for that

Many applicants try to enroll in prestigious universities, choosing the same faculties, for example, law. Most of the graduates plan to occupy prestigious positions, which will allow them to have a high social status and financial position. For this reason, after graduation, they try to work in court, prosecutor’s office, lawyer, notary office, someone becomes a police officer.

Examination Commission

Examination Commission takes the exam within a month, from the date of application. The commission consists of 12 people, asks questions, if one of them is given the wrong answer, the exam is failed. During the exam, you are allowed to use regulatory documents. The most difficult questions are practical. You need full concentration, you need to take into account every little thing.

After successfully passing the qualifying exam, the applicant receives a certificate of delivery. Exam results are valid for 3 years. After passing the exam, the applicant may apply to the board of judges with a statement to be recommended for the existing vacant position. The statement indicates what kind of judge wants to work, world or federal.

The duties of the magistrate include civil disputes: divorce, property disputes, division of property, labor disputes. Some criminal cases where the penalty is not more than 3 years of imprisonment. All cases outside the existing jurisdiction of the justice of the peace, considered by the federal judge.

In addition to the application, a number of documents are submitted:

  • Passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation.
  • Questionnaire where information about the applicant.
  • Diploma in legal education.
  • Employment record or other document confirming legal experience.
  • Health certificate confirming the absence of a number of diseases that impede the work.
  • The document confirming the qualification exam.
  • Characteristics from work. If they are not worked out in the legal specialty, 5 more years of experience in legal practice are indicated. Characteristics issued to the applicant for the position within a week.
  • Information about incomes and property. It also provides information on the income of spouses and information on minor children, in accordance with the RF Law "On the Status of Judges in the Russian Federation" dated June 26, 1992 No. 3132 as amended by the RF Law dated December 25, 2008 No. 274-F3.

After the panel of judges verifies the accuracy of the documents and facts. Qualification Collegium reserves the right to apply to law enforcement or other authorities for the fact of checking the authenticity of documents. Applicants are checked through the FSB, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the prosecutor’s check and the check of the customs service.

If the authorities have identified the inaccuracy of information or facts, the commission has the right to refuse the applicant for the position. If no violations are found, the commission recommends the applicant for the vacant position. The decision of the collegium may be appealed through the court if the procedure established by law for selecting applicants is violated.

The status of judges

A contender for the title of district judge must be at least 25 years old; from the age of 30 you can apply for the position of middle level - regional. Applicants for the position of a judge of the Supreme or High Arbitration Court should not be younger than 35 years old and have at least 10 years of judicial practice. As a judge of the Constitutional Court - from 40 years old, judicial practice - not less than 15 years. The position can be up to 70 years.

Why are there age restrictions? In order for a person to accumulate life experience.

Immunity guaranteed by constitutional laws. Distributed to family members. A judge who has worked for 20 years receives a life sentence from the state. Applicants for the position should not be in narcological or neuropsychiatric dispensaries.

A judge must be guided in practice by the principles of genuine fairness and exceptional justice. Make verdicts, strictly following the legislation, based on legal knowledge, in fairness and on the basis of rich life experience. Upon assuming office, a candidate takes an oath to perform his duties, guided only by the law, impartially and fairly administer justice, as his conscience and duty dictates.

The need for such requirements is associated with specificity and special professional activity, which is carried out only in accordance with the Code of Honor of the Judge of the Russian Federation.

Build a career as a judge is real, but not easy. Good luck!


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